Sunday, 24 Feb 2019
Page: 89
Volume 27, Issue 12(197) 2017
Current status of iodine deficiency among pregnant women in Nha Trang city, Vietnam
Author: Bui Ngoc Yen Tram, Tran Ngoc Thanh, Nguyen Huu Chau and Pattanee Winichagoon
Iodine deficiency (ID) is the most common cause of preventable mental retardation, affecting about 30% of the world’s population. During pregnancy, the need for iodine is high to ensure fetus development. However, the data on ID among pregnant women are limited. This study aimed to assess iodine status and sources of iodine among Vietnamese pregnant women living in Nha Trang, a south central coast city belongs to Khanh Hoa province. This is a cross-sectional study with 287 pregnant women were randomly selected. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) was measured in casual urine samples, median UIC >150 μg/L indicated adequate iodine intake. Household (HH) salt samples and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were collected to estimate iodine intakes. Median UIC indicated sufficiency of iodine in pregnant women in Nha Trang. However, there was 48.4% pregnant women had UIC < 150 μg/L, in which: 4.9% severe, 17.8% moderate and 24.7% mild ID. Most of the HHs (89.5%) used iodiz ed salt and 73.9% of them contained adequate iodine. Median UIC was significantly associated with seasoning powder, quality of iodized salt use, and total seafood consumption. Those consumed adequately iodized salt and medium seafood could reduce 53 – 61% risk of ID, while those used seasoning powder would have about 82% increase risk of ID during pregnancy. Pregnant women in Nha Trang city had sufficient iodine intake and iodized salt was an important source. Quality of salt iodization needs to be ensured at the factory and HHs level.
Iodine deficiency, pregnant women, iodized salt, seafood, urinary iodine concentration
10. Bui Ngoc Yen Tram.pdf
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Happy New Year 2019! Year of the Pig
The Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine wish all readers with healthy, happiness and prosperity in the year of the Pig. Happy New Year 2019
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