Volume XXVI, Issue 3(176) 2016
Analyzing the role of parents in the association between academic stress and depression among Indian adolescents
Author: Do Thanh Hoa, Sibnath Deb, Michael Dunne, Philip Baker and Jiandong Sun
The relationship between academic stress and depression has been strongly identified as a public health challenge. Yet there have been few studies conducted in India context to identify the role of parental support regarding the relationship between academic stress and depression. This study tested the hypothesis whether parental support would serve as a protective factor in the association between academic stress and depression among Indian adolescents, whereas high academic stress would be a risk factor for depression. A cross sectional study was conducted in Kolkata, India in 2010. Participants in the study were defined as a group of 400 adolescents, 15-18 year-old, grade X-XII from five English secondary schools. Participants who consented to take part in the study were recruited by multi-stage sampling technique. The results showed that parental support was inversely associated with depression only in female (β = -0.16, p<0.05). A significant interaction was observed for parental support only in male regarding depression. As academic stress increased, male with high parental support were less likely to be depressed than female. In conclusion, high parental support was related to a reduced risk of depression in female; in male, parental support had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between academic stress and depression. The relationship between academic stress and depression was well established in the study. There was no gender difference in term of depression. The findings inform the school-based intervention programs as they should not only focus on students but also encourages the involvement of their parents.
Academic stress, depression, parental support, Indian adolescents