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Page: 118
Volume XXV, Issue 2(162) 2015
People who inject drug in Vietnam: an update on the HIV epidemic, risk behavior, and coverage of intervention services
Author: Duong Cong Thanh, Bui Hoang Duc, Vo Hai Son, Nguyen Viet Nga, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Pham Duc Manh, Tran Dai Quang, Le Anh Tuan, Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha, Hoang Thi Thanh Ha, Pham Hong Thang and Nguyen Anh Tuan
Summary:
HIV in Vietnam remains a concentrated epidemic, with high HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs, female sex workers, and men who have sex with men, whereas low HIV prevalence is found among pregnant women and military recruits. People who inject drugs are the main drivers for the HIV epidemic in Vietnam. The HIV epidemic tends to significantly decrease or stabilize among people who inject drugs in most provinces, despite the high prevalence level and geographical diversity. People who inject drugs reported multiple risks, including sharing of needles and syringes, sexual intercourse with female sex workers, and inconsistent condom use. The activity of sharing needles and syringes showed a decreasing trend over time among people who inject drugs in most provinces, but the numbers remain at a high level. Prevention and intervention programs appear to reach and effectively reduce high-risk behavior and HIV prevalence among this population. However, the coverage of intervention and prevention programs remains low. HIV intervention and prevention programs need to be improved and scaled up for sustainable impact. Program designs need to be based on a local context
Keywords:
HIV, drug, female sex worker, man sex with man
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vjpm_org118_1_2015.pdf
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Happy New Year 2019! Year of the Pig
The Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine wish all readers with healthy, happiness and prosperity in the year of the Pig. Happy New Year 2019
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