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Page: 111
Volume XXV, Issue 2(162) 2015
High-risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection among adolescent girls: a hospitalbased study
Author: Tham Chi Dung, Frank Roesl,Tran Thi Mai Hung, Le Quang Thanh, Nguyen Van Trang, Luong Minh Tan, Hoang Thi Diem Tuyet, Pham Thanh Hai, Ngo Thi Yen and Nguyen Tran Hien
Summary:
A cross sectional study was conducted to collect hospital-based data on 92 adolescent girls in Tu Du Hospital, Ho Chi Minh city in 2014. The study measured the proportion of high risk HPV infection, genotype distribution and clinical manifestations. The data were collected through face-to-face interviews with structured questionnaires. Gynecological examination, vaginal and cervical swabs were collected for Pap smear and HPV DNA test to determine the presence of HPV16, HPV18 and 12 other high-risk types. The results showed that an overall proportion of high risk HPV among adolescent girls was 19.6%. Age of sexual debut was by 16 (15.9-16.2) years. About 57.6% had historically sexual relationship with one partner only and 22.8% with two partners. HPV-18 was found in 5.4%, HPV-16 in 4.3% and any other 12 high risk HPV with single or complex genotypes in 13.0% of the samples. Age of adolescent girls (OR= 2.3, 95%CI: 1.1-5.1) and the time the girls living away from home (OR=6.1; 95%CI: 1.1-34.5) were two main factors significantly associated with an increased risk of HPV infection, emphasizing the social role of the family and attitude toward sexual activity among adolescence. Education on safe sex, usage of sexual protective devices, HPV vaccination for adolescent girls and properly parental guidances are recommended to prevent HPV infection. A corresponding informative homepage has been established by the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE)
Keywords:
adolescent girls, HPV infection, high risk HPV genotypes
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Happy New Year 2019! Year of the Pig
The Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine wish all readers with healthy, happiness and prosperity in the year of the Pig. Happy New Year 2019
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