Thursday, 16 Jul 2020
Page: 30
Volume XXV, Issue 2(162) 2015
Malnutrition of primary school children in a suburban district of Hanoi, 2011
Author: Bui Thi Nhung and Tran Quang Binh
Malnutrition is a major public health concern that affects the health, growth, and development of a significant number of schoolchildren. In 2011, a cross-sectional study was designed to identify the anthropometric indices and status of undernutrition and overnutrition of primary school children (n = 1430) in a suburban district of Hanoi City, Vietnam, using the World Health Organization 2007 (WHO 2007) reference. Results showed that the height and weight of the children decreased by at least 0.6-fold standard deviation (SD), and body mass index decreased by 0.3-fold SD in boys and 0.55-fold SD in girls in comparison with the WHO 2007 reference (P < 0.0001). Wasting, stunting, overweight, and obesity were found in 6.7% (7.9% girls and 5.8% boys), 7.6% (8.6% girls and 6.8% boys), 9.2% (7.7% girls, 10.5% boys), and 4.7% (2.0% girls and 7.1% boys) of the children, respectively. The prevalence of obesity was significantly higher in boys (by 3.5-fold) compared with girls (P < 0.0001). In each age group and in the total sample, the prevalence of overweight and obese children presented a higher trend in boys than in girls, whereas the reverse was seen for wasting and stunting. In conclusion, the anthropometric profile was significantly lower than the WHO 2007 reference, and the double burden of malnutrition between overnutrition and undernutrition is relatively balanced
Malnutrition, primary school children, suburban district, Vietnam
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Happy New Year 2019! Year of the Pig
The Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine wish all readers with healthy, happiness and prosperity in the year of the Pig. Happy New Year 2019
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